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The Basics Of Distillation Process In Water Treatment System

Views: 1626 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: Origin: Site

In the water treatment system, distillation is one of the most important processes in keeping water free from contamination.


The process makes water conducive for drinking or other special applications.


The distillation units remove contaminants such as toxic metals, dissolved solids, and inorganic materials.


Getting a quality distillation device from a renowned and reputable manufacturer makes water treatment system effective.


Working Principles

The working principle in the process of distillation of water is as follows:

1. Water is diverted from the water distribution system in the house into the boiling chamber.

2. The water is heated to boil to produce steam.

3. The steam is then channeled into a condenser. This is where the steam condenses. There is the treatment of water to remove toxic materials and other harmful substances here.

4. The distilled water is passed into a storage tank for use.


Benefits of distillation in the Water Treatment System

The effectiveness of distillation in Water Treatment System are as follows

v Removal of heavy metals from the water

v The distillation process removes over 95% of dissolved materials from water irrespective of the quality of water

v The water is effective against inorganic materials like fluoride, nitrate, sodium, and sulfate.

v Removal of some toxic inorganic and organic chemicals from the water

v Effectiveness of water against some viruses and bacteria

 water treatment system

Important Things To Consider During Distillation

The following things are very important to consider in the distillation process of water in the water treatment system.


1. Corrosion-free components

The removal of dissolved solids from water can make the water corrosive.


The use of corrosion-free materials as a storage tank as well as distillation components are very important.


Also, the distribution system from the household water should not be corrosive.


2. Presence of Volatile and Semi-volatile compounds

Some volatile and semi-volatile compounds may not be eliminated during distillation. In case there is a presence of any of them, it should be removed before distillation.


How To Remove Volatile Organic Compounds(VOCs)

To remove volatile organic compounds from water, preheat the water.


This should be done in the vented part of the distillation device.


The volatile organic compound will escape before putting it in the boiling chamber.


In case there is the presence of an undesired organic compound in the distilled water, post-treat the water with an activated carbon device. This will remove the undesired compound.


3. Maintenance

Irrespective of the type of distiller you purchase for the distillation of water, good maintenance is very important.


The operation should be as recommended by the manufacturer.


Proper operation, cleaning, and repair/replacement of parts should be taken very importantly.


There should be a logbook that records water test results, repairs, and maintenance dates.  



Distillation is the water treatment system that is a treatment process that makes water suitable for drinking and other special uses.


Distillation removes contaminants such as dissolved solids, inorganic materials, and some toxic chemicals from water.


The quality of the distillation device affects the taste of water.


It is important to get a quality distillation device for water treatment system from a renowned and reputable manufacturer.


This will make distillation of water effective and suitable for use.

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